CoolSculpting® was the first non-surgical or non-invasive fat reduction treatment approved by the FDA (Food and Drug Administration). This equipment, created by Harvard University researchers, performs a controlled cooling of specific regions with localized fat. The CoolSculpting® has different sizes of applicator cup, that is, cooling panels, which are positioned next to the area to be treated. With just one application, it is possible to lose 20 to 25% of the fat selected by the CoolSculpting®. The equipment already has a registry wit Anvisa (Brazilian Health Regulatory Agency) too. Registration of VR Medical equipment: MS 8,010,251,086-2.
The procedure: During treatment, the CoolSculpting® attacks only the fat cells of the selected region. The doctor chooses the region to be treated and positions the applicator cup. The device pulls and holds the fat between its two panels and automatically cools it for one hour. The sensation is one of a firm pull, and the freezing does not affect the epidermis or other organs. The skin, for example, is protected by a gel film during the session. Because it is not invasive, patients can resume their normal routine immediately after treatment, on the same day.
What happens: When the applicator cup freezes the chosen area, the fat cell membranes of that site are damaged, which naturally leads them to self-destruction, or apoptosis, within a period of six to eight weeks. Gradually, the defense cells are attracted by the apoptosis, and end up by eliminating the degraded fat between the following six to eight weeks.
This fat is degraded and is metabolized in the liver, similarly to the fat ingested in a meal, without compromising its functioning. The fat is naturally and slowly eliminated. This treatment does not cause necrosis or any other damage to the other organs.
At each application, the patient may lose 20 to 25% fat in the treated region, and this can be observed within two months after the first application.
Results of the CoolSculpting® will be kept if the patient follows the same lifestyle. The CoolSculpting® is ideal for people who are close to their ideal weight or have areas with localized fat.